SAWAP – NIGERIA
The Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) development objective, aims to reduce vulnerability to soil erosion in targeted sub-catchments. This eight-(8) year innovative, multi-sectoral project is currently financing State-led interventions to prevent and reverse land degradation, initially focusing on gully erosion sites that threatened infrastructure and livelihoods in seven States: Abia, Anambra, Cross River, Ebonyi, Edo, Enugu and Imo. The Project became effective in September 2013 initially with seven states of Abia, Anambra, Cross Rivers, Ebonyi, Edo, Enugu, and Imo. In December 2014, seven additional states: Delta, Gombe, Kano, Kogi, Oyo, Plateau and Sokoto joined the Project. In June 2016 five additional states of Akwa Ibom, Borno, Katsina, Nasarawa and Niger also joined the project thus, making the total number of NEWMAP states to nineteen (19).
NEWMAP is an 8 year multi-scale and multi-sectoral project, funded through a Strategic Investment Loan (SIL) of $508.59M, consisting of a $500M International Development Association (IDA) concessional loan, blended with Global Environment Facility (GEF) Trust Fund, and Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) grants totaling $8,59M. The Government of Nigeria’s contribution would amount to approximately $150M (the Federal Government 60% and participating states 40%).
Mission: To address on a multi-dimensional scale the menace of gully erosion in the south east as well as land degradation in the North.
PDO: The Project Development Objective (PDO) of NEWMAP is to reduce vulnerability to soil erosion in targeted sub catchments.
The Nigeria gully erosion crisis has been ongoing since before 1980, and affected small and large communities. It is an ecological, environmental, economic, and humanitarian disaster caused by surface runoff. The erosion occurs, notably, in gullies, which grow wider and deeper with each rainfall. Many of the gullies have become ravines, which can be dozens or hundreds of feet deep. Homes and structures routinely collapse, as the gullies expand with each rainy season. If unchecked, the phenomenon will eventually transform the region into a badland. The project Investments include a strategic combination of civil engineering, vegetative land management and other catchment protection measures, and community-led adaptive livelihood initiatives. The sustainability of these investments will be reinforced by strengthening institutions and information services across sectors and States, including support to improve governance, regulatory compliance, environmental monitoring, impact evaluation, catchment and land use planning, and to strengthen Nigeria’s capacity to promote and implement climate-resilient, low-carbon development.
The objective of the project is to reduce vulnerability to soil erosion in targeted sub-watershed. This innovative, multi-sectoral project support State-led interventions to prevent and reverse land degradation on a demand- driven basis, initially focusing on gully erosion sites in the South Eastern states that threaten infrastructure and livelihoods. And with a focus to re -establishing / securing ecosystem functions by managing erosion and deforestation in the North, especially states in the Sokoto-Rima and Upper Niger Basins.
The Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) is an eight year State-led Erosion and Land degradation intervention, using the integrated watershed concept to reduce vulnerability to soil erosion in targeted sub-catchments. The Holistic watershed management approach and the use of state of the art designs of engineering/ structural and flexible structures at targeted gully complexes and other erosion sites treated with at least 75% of planned rehabilitation measures for targeted sub-watersheds. Other areas of the NEWMAP concept include:
II. Bio-remediation use of Vegetation (grass) measures to complement civil works in treated gully areas to enhance regeneration
III. Introduction of proper and well terminated drain- age systems at targeted gully complexes and other erosion sites with reduced severity level after treatment
IV. Adequate safeguard measures to strengthen disaster risk reduction and preparedness at State, Local, and community levels.
v. Regular Monitoring and evaluation to improve effectiveness of implementation, ensure ownership and sustainability.
vi. Community ownership and participation towards greater adoption of s u s t a i n a b l e land and water management practices by local people in the sub- watershed and extensive communications and outreach
vii Improved livelihoods of direct project beneficiaries in and around the project States and sites.
viii. Enhance livelihoods in the sub-watershed, and where necessary implementation local R e s e t l e ment Action Plans.(RAP)
The bodies in charge of the project implementation are the Project Steering Committee, Technical Committee and the Project Management Units at both Federal and State level. The general principle is that the Federal Steering Committee is responsible for overall project coordination, alignment of project content and approach, and oversight of activities taking place across participating States through the Federal Project Management Unit (FPMU). The State Project Management Unit (SPMU) is responsible for the practical implementation of project activities within the specific frameworks set by the Project. Read the document here
The objective is to strengthen the enabling environment for effective implementation of erosion and watershed management. The component supports all three tiers of government and the private sector, but with a special focus on improving the effectiveness of states in investment design and supervision, with the 10 federal level serving primarily as facilitator, regulator, monitor, bench marker, information broker, and aggregator. The component will contribute to a number of outcomes centered on enhanced capacities, modernization and coordination of relevant federal, state, and local institutions involved in investment planning, management, assessment, enforcement, and monitoring of watershed and erosion related activities and disaster risk management. This component is organized into four sub-components: Subcomponent 2A. Federal MDA Effectiveness and Investment Services for States Subcomponent 2B. State MDA Effectiveness and Services Subcomponent 2C. Effectiveness and Services of Local Government Areas Subcomponent 2D. Private and Non-Government Sector Institutions and Services
This component include actions that contribute to strengthening Nigeria’s strategic framework for climate action. As such, the component objective is to enhance Nigeria’s capacity to promote low carbon, climate resilient development. The contribution that this support will make to Nigeria’s strategic framework for climate action is important because climate variability and change threaten to exacerbate Nigeria’s erosion challenges, and more broadly might undermine the country’s efforts to reach its longer-run development aspirations. For example, climate variability and change are affecting critical sectors such as agriculture, livestock, forest, water resource management, and coastal zone development. Outcomes focus on providing tools and approaches for government to become better equipped to respond to climate change; and on supporting demonstration projects on the ground to test the viability and scaling-up potential of low-carbon development options. Sub components include: Sub-component 3A. Strengthening the strategic policy and institutional framework Sub-component 3B. Promoting low carbon development
To ensure efficient delivery of project resources and document results, the objective of this component is to achieve (a) project management and coordination at federal and state levels, including procurement and financial management; (b) social and environmental safeguards management and oversight; (c) strategic project communications and outreach; (d) project M&E, including two Mid-Term Reviews; and (e) an impact evaluation fully integrated into M&E arrangements that will help build replicable intervention models early during implementation.
Gully Rapid Action and Slope Stabilization (GRASS): This sub-component of Component 1 supports actions to stabilize and rehabilitate major erosion-related sites, and causes, using both structural and vegetative measures. It is to control damage and stop immediate threats to houses and critical infrastructure. At the same time, it plays the role of entry point into the local communities, to help secure their participation and ownership of the larger erosion and watershed management planning and implementation activities that will bring a more permanent solution. Actions include: (i) emergency and temporary halting of gully and landslide formation, (ii) complementary structural erosion and water control works, (iii) preventative erosion control works, and (iv) disaster risk management activities for civil works, services, and goods for reconstruction and early recovery following a landslide or flooding event. NEWMAP is providing innovative solutions to the age long problem of erosion and watershed degradation in Nigeria.
- The project combines state-of- the-art designs supported with flexible structures (e.g. gabions) and nicely complemented by bio-remediation measures. - These innovations are anchored on active community participation and ownership. - This has resulted in the rehabilitation of 339 hectares of lands and the restoration of livelihoods to over 3825 poorest (58% women) Nigerians in targeted watersheds. In the seven leading states, overall performance has been tremendous as regards the 21 initial intervention sites with physical works now approximately 80 percent completed. Progress across the seven states is variable, with four states; Cross River, Edo, and Enugu and Imo well over 90 percent completion. Only one state (Ebonyi) is below 50 percent completion of planned civil works. A total of 38 new site designs have been reviewed to ensure quality and best standard by Federal Quality Control and Engineering Designs Firm (FQCEDF). Of these, 22 site designs were cleared by the Bank for implementation across these seven states. Nine sites are undergoing active procurement. Field visits to three states showed that engineering designs and execution have greatly improved. Since early 2016, significant progress has been made to strengthen sections on bio-remediation in the design reports. Overall, planned bio-remediation work is 51.5 percent completed across the seven leading states, compared to 73.7 percent for civil works.
Significant progress on livelihoods activities in the seven leading states has been tremendous given the now established Community Interest Groups (CIGs), which provides relevant training, and distribution of sub-grants based on clear award criteria. In the three states with the most progress (Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu), 123 CIGs have been established, covering nearly 3,000 beneficiaries (58 percent females) and with nearly half of the approved funding for sub-grants now disbursed. On resettlement to date, 987 Project Affected People (PAPs) have been identified and approved, and 57% have received their agreed payments.
A major outcome from this component 3 was the support to Nigeria to participate in the Council of the Parties for Climate Change, where one outcome was Nigeria hosting an international meeting with stakeholders on September 9, on the issuance of “Green Bonds”. Guidelines have been established to issue bonds, which would support projects in: environment (reforestation - Jathropha); agriculture (climate smart activities – biofuel/ Jathropha); power (off-grid solar); and Federal Capital Territory (energy efficiency-transportation). Currently, there are 19 projects identified for funding from Green Bonds with a total cost of just over USD 100 million. This is a major success in NEWMAP acting as a catalyst for the development of a high impact and sustainable program. Often smaller activities being supported by Component 3, good progress has been made with three, for example demonstrating fuel efficient oven bakery, high efficient cook stoves, while the remainders are presently underway through a procurement phase.